Ostensibly as Philodendron triumphans this very handsome, terrestrial or short-statured hemiepiphytic species was first grown in Europe in the late 1800s. Image: ©F. Above, front and back of a fairly recent acquisition from a commercial exporter source, purportedly originating from southeastern Ecuador, that closely resembles the descriptions of plants that have been collected on the Ecuador-Peruvian border in and adjacent to the Cordillera del Cóndor. While by no means impossible, I have reservations about that claim. M. Alexis Rigouts also showed a collection of moderate sized plants, but all the specimens were well grown.”, “Similar to P. Carderii, but a stronger grower, with leaves twice as large. No other Philodendron species currently in cultivation matches the written description of P. triumphans like P. sp. This interesting terrestrial and hemiepiphytic philodendron is, as currently defined, widely distributed from central Panamá discontinuously south to northern Ecuador in lowland rainforest and middle elevation cloud forests on both versants to at least ~4,800’/1,500 masl. Left, a large wild seedling plant shown growing on the forest floor at a location close by. This species has proven to be generally mite resistant in my collections in Guatemala and California. Like many other terrestrial philodendrons, P. gloriosum will readily “walk” up tree trunks or over low obstacles when given the chance. Seed-grown young green phase Anthurium warocqueanum bred and grown by the author. 1980 under Philodendron triumphans (Colombia). It is held up by bright scarlet-colored petioles. This is one of terrestrial species normally thought of as a strict creeper but that occasionally climbs trees in nature at some localities, to over 13’/4.0 m high (Schunke 9954; F. Muller, pers. PHILODENDRON [MELANOCHRYSUM X VERRUCOSUM] RARE EXOTIC HYBRID - $1,500.00. Alternate trade names: None currently, but Philodendron carderi Hort. Aphids and mealybugs are also reliable, common and obnoxious warm weather pests on philodendrons. Author’s image. Not suitable as a houseplant but in my experience will work well in a large, climate controlled Wardian Case or very humid warm greenhouse with cool nighttime temperatures. showing the subvelvety upper leaf surface that becomes matte/subglossy at maturity. Please note that some desirable species do have marked individual quirks that should be addressed via experimentation by diligent growers. In notes on the associated accession (Steyermark 52843) he observed that its local name was “capotillo” and wrote, “One of the outstanding decorative aroids. Philodendron Melanochrysum X Verrucosum is a breathtaking tropical aroid that has large dark-green velvety leaves lined with creamy-faded veins whose new foliage has deeply shaded undersides. Southern Ecuador to northern Perú in cloud forest between 975 and 6,300’/300 and 1,950 masl, but generally found in middle elevation cloud forest between 3,250 and 4,550’/1,000 and 1,400 masl. Hoya chinghungensis. Alternate trade names: May be mistaken for both Philodendron squamicaule Croat & Grayum, and P. squamipetiolatum Croat when young. In tropical garden settings these plants will require careful siting in sheltered areas where they are well protected from wind. Some Peruvian plants now designated P. pseudoverrucosum in online herbaria and posted images appear to be misidentified young P. verrucosum, which can be readily differentiated by the presence of elongated petiole scales, especially in the upper half and contrasting lower leaf colors. While usually self-limiting when the weather changes, mite suppression will vary depending on conditions and individual pest control preferences. While more a big shiny green curiosity than a beauty, this southwestern Colombian and northern Ecuadoran native is nonetheless a very handsome plant when well grown. Muller 2020. Shown above, lower leaf, stem, root and inflorescence details of two outstanding, locality specific young mature Costa Rican Philodendron verrucosum nicknamed “Tico Blues” grown in the author’s collection and selected for breeding. When leaf perfect, this is unquestionably a jewel of a plant that evidences the special attention bestowed on it by its grower/s. You may need to help it onto … Although this large-leafed exotic looking type of Philodendron is a vining plant, regular pruning can give it a bushy appearance. The fox red petioles are an attractive feature of this species. Note that Philodendron carderi is one of several discarded early synonyms previously used for P. verrucosum. Upper stem and petiole details of Philodendron squamicaule. Private owners of successfully acclimated specimens in these countries should make every effort to propagate them asexually to reduce pressure on native populations. FOR SALE! 254. This name was a standout nursery source among rare aroid collectors in the 1990s and early 2000s. Above right, author’s image and left, ©F. This plant has also circulated in the houseplant and florists’ trade under various names including P. cordatum, P. micans, P. miduhoi, P. oxycardium and P. scandens. Regular price $35.00 Sale price $35.00 Regular price. Author’s collection and image. It is also close to P. squamicaule (see below). While the leaf details in the accompanying black and white illustration are very similar, inflorescence color and morphology as well as live leaf details differ substantially from the plants collected in the vicinity of Iquitos, Perú about 20-30 years ago. Out of stock. Right, an atypical, very colorful new growth on a P. cf. Slightly mite susceptible when kept warm and dry. Several months after this the same species was collected by Thomas Croat at a nearby Brazilian locality (Croat 85581). 5. Philodendron Hastatum “Silver Sword” Philodendron Hastatum “Silver Sword” Regular price $75.00 Sale price $75.00 Regular price. Author’s plant and image. Author’s images. They are blackish green with pale green veins. The plant’s stem is prone to wander around in circles a bit, so training is required to maintain a desirable upright aspect. Perhaps Graf confused the conspicuous but short, blunt trichomes for hairs? Author’s image. https://plantophiles.com/plant-care/philodendron-melanochrysums He played a key role in popularizing tropical aroids in the U.S. when he was active as a nurseryman and IAS director. Viridis Tropicals Gift Card. Please note that this species requires very deep shade to look its best and will produce semi glossy, uniformly dark green leaves instead of velvety or subvelvety blackish-colored foliage when cultivated at light levels at or above 400-foot candles (fc). with both Pipoly and Croat accessions listed as specimens. Author’s image. New beleafandraindrops. I am surprised that this lovely aroid species has not been hybridized more. “Chocó Red” plants as P. “pseudo-pseudoverrucosum” in conversations with growers but stopped doing so when it became apparent that it was causing even greater confusion since some people believed that it was a real name! A very showy newly-opened inflorescence on Philodendron pastazanum. Fairly to very susceptible to mite infestations when grown warm and dry but can be divided and restarted if defoliation occurs during the summer, so this tends to be more a seasonal irritant than a deal breaker for most home growers. While my personal collection of uncommon or rare philodendrons is relatively modest by some large public garden standards (~50 species, ~60 forms overall including distinctive ecotypes), I currently grow or have grown in the recent past all of the plants discussed below. This comely plant is also known as Philodendron ‘Splendid’, and it is indeed splendid! Because this species is subvelvety and colorful only in youth, plants should be propagated from stem divisions and offsets on a regular basis if the grower wishes to maintain these desirable leaf traits in their specimens. Most balanced houseplant or orchid fertilizers work well with philodendrons. has led to it recently being called the “Mexican lynamii” online. Greenhoused in California, a particularly vigorous clone recently added almost 4’/1.25 m of thick caliper stem in a single year. ", Central Phoenix -- I have an Aloe Christmas Carol, ... read more, I just found one upside down on our patio and put him ... read more, Flocks to the suet feeder along with the dozen or so ... read more, We've all done it. Authors’ image. It is not unlikely that some of these captive plants are actually descendants of P. glanduliferum accessions made in southeastern México by European visitors during the plant collection tourism heydays of the 1970s and 1980s. Distinctive morphological differences in foliage between some imported plants sold under this name suggest that there is more than one population being traded as P. serpens. The plant shown is from a site ~150 miles/240 km airline distant and ~2,300’/700 m lower than the type locality where Philodendron discolor (now P. verrucosum) was collected in 1913 (Weberbauer 6663). In the early spring of this year, I trialed the 38”/98 cm wide leaf perfect, flowering specimen of Philodendron luxurians shown below in my living room for three months. Above left, leaf detail of a particularly robust Philodendron sp. Juvenile foliage of Philodendron brandtianum, a commonly cultivated splash-leaf philodendron that can resemble immature P. sodiroi. Image: ©F. Shown above in nature, both leaf surfaces of a mature central Peruvian Philodendron verrucosum. Newly emergent, coppery colored leaf on Philodendron melanochrysum in the author’s collection. I am surprised that this lovely aroid species has not been hybridized more. Quick View. With reservations on my part, this species may also be the plant discussed and depicted in Exotica Series 3. A mature Philodendron glanduliferum shown growing as a terrestrial in a foothill rainforest of northern Central America. Mature plants appear to be smaller-statured than Philodendron gloriosum overall, to ~20”/50 cm tall with largest leaf blades to ~20”/50 cm versus ~40”/1 m tall with >24”/60 cm leaves in exceptionally large P. gloriosum. The very ornamental petiole and midvein scales on a mature Philodendron nangaritense. It is unclear whether nurseries are/were unaware of its origin or were intentionally obfuscating localities to protect their “source”. It requires deep shade (250-400 fc), uniformly high humidity and intermediate to slightly cool temperatures to thrive. Lowland and low-intermediate altitude members of this genus are famously temperature tolerant and will generally perform fairly well at temperatures comfortable for their owners on towards ~90° F/32° C as long as relative humidity is high. ), P. species “Choco Red” (?) is another synonym that was occasionally used in botanical magazines during the last century (Graf 1974). Hall and A. Dearden 2020. At the other end of the scale, so-called miniature Philodendron verrucosum variously labelled as “Mini”, “Dwarf”, “Dwarf Ecuador” or “purpureum” are, in my experience, individual clones that stall for whatever reason at a small leaf size for protracted periods but will inevitably grow to normal dimensions if fed properly and moved out of terraria and into a suitable environment. Philodendron hybrid names . While juvenile leaves display both a satiny aspect and pink to pale violet undersides, mature leaves (to ~24”/60 cm) are generally subglossy; inclusion of Philodendron glanduliferum here is admittedly a bit of a stretch. Anthurium Dorayaki Hybrid - 5” Anthurium Dorayaki Hybrid - 5” Regular price $205.00 Sale price $195.00 Sale. Images ©F. Large examples of this particular P. verrucosum type are a spectacle both in nature and cultivation. “Chocó Red” plants now popular with collectors. corrugosum”)at the Huntington BG. Many exceptional philodendrons, anthuriums, alocasias, lasioids and species from even more obscure aroid genera that are now in cultivation can trace their origins back to his efforts. Regular price $252.00 Sale price $252.00 Regular price $315.00 Unit price / per . growing in cultivation. A lovely velvety climbing Philodendron ‘Glorious’ in a class of its own. Author’s image. This and other leaf spot fungi may be treated with a variety of readily available fungicides. Fortunately, Fred Muller discovered and photographed it in nature in very shady understory and forest edge of lightly disturbed lower elevation rainforests of western Colombia in 2019. $11.00 shipping. Typically, juvenile examples of these species have the most intense lower leaf coloration while the undersides of mature leaves are either green or suffused with very light pink (e.g. Species familiar to hardcore “Philophiles” and aspiring “Philodendron Phreaques” whose natural origins remain murky include P. luxurians, P. sodiroi and P. triumphans. Sale Sold out. Although many of the ornamental Philodendron species discussed here have been in cultivation since the mid and late 1800s, a surprising number of them remain poorly documented from nature. sodiroi, central Perú. My travels with him showed me that he had accumulated an impressive store of goodwill among many renowned Florida private collectors and botanical gardens at that time and was more or less welcome to help himself to whatever living material from his hosts that he fancied. II 1899, “New Garden Plants of the Year 1898”, and The Gardener’s Chronicle, 1898, xxiii., pg. Plants are still in the juvenile climbing stage. Despite its allure and relative ease of culture, because of its growth habit it is not really recommended for novice growers interested in satisfaction beyond online bragging rights. Admittedly, some hybrid origin caladiums and aglaonemas will give them a run for their money foliage color-wise but lack size, colorful inflorescences and native panache. Even in large, humid conservatories most of these plants tend to stall out at 24”/60 cm leaf sizes and do not look remotely like the >80’/24.5 m tall specimens I have seen in nature. Author’s plant and image. Very young plants may be reminiscent of seedling Philodendron melanochrysum as well as some juvenile P. hederaceum forms but exhibit a more velvety aspect with a more conspicuous central vein. obs.). In wild bamboo stands”. Author’s image. PHP 1,500. A colony of Philodendron cf. It is sturdy enough to have survived both World War collection losses in parts of Europe so has almost certainly been in continuous cultivation there for more than 130 years. Author’s images. Author’s image. Likewise, letting high volume ventilation and exhaust fans rake air over greenhouse benches housing delicate, hemiepiphytic philodendrons is always a bad idea. squamipetiolatum that show the characteristic raised, dark contrast veins. At the time P. Melanochrysum was known as P. Andreanum. Based on the numbers of recently sprouted, ancient, wrist-thick stems shown by foreign nurseries in promotional social media postings, commercial collecting pressure on at least a few species (e.g. Untested as a houseplant past juvenile stage but shows early promise. Dewey Fisk certainly deserved a better obituary than the damned-with-faint-praise posts that appeared on social media and elsewhere in the days after his death. Most commercial propagators strike fresh stem cuts under mist. 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