Camara vulgaris Benth. [29] This can be particularly destructive in dry, arid areas where fire can spread quickly and lead to the loss of large areas of natural ecosystem. [8] It has spread from its native Central and South America to around 50 countries,[9] where it has become an invasive species. The flowers are not there at the time of shipping but may come very soon when you plant. [21][28], L. camara is considered to be a weed in large areas of the Paleotropics where it has established itself. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name: Lantana Plant Characteristics. [22][23] It has become a significant weed in Sri Lanka after escaping from the Royal Botanic gardens in 1926. Lantana tiliifolia Cham.. Family. [3], L. camara has small tubular shaped flowers, which each have four petals and are arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. Scientific Name. Common Name Lantana Botanic Name Lantana camara Plant Family Caprifoliaceae Habitat An ornamental shrub in the warmer climates of North America, often escaping along stream bottoms in the southern States to become an invasive noxious weed. Using herbicides to manage L. camara is very effective but also expensive, prohibiting its use in many poorer countries where L. camara is well established. Depending on the region and type grown, lantana plants can be treated as annuals or perennials. Common names: lantana Lantana camara (lantana) is a shrub (family Verbenaceae) with a multicolored cluster of flowers and fragrant oval-shaped leaves found in the central and south coast ranges of California. Leaf characteristics can be used to distinguish the native lantana (L. depressa) from the invasive lantana (L. camara). N.C. Flower color can also be used to distinguish between species. [23] There is also evidence that L. camara is still increasing its range in areas where it has been established for many years, such as East Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Scientific Name : Lantana Camara Common Names : coronitas, Lantana Weed, Wild Sage, Shrub Verbena, Yellow Sage, Kantutay Description: Lantana is a perennial flowering plants native to tropical regions of the Americas and Africa. Lantana. [45], Lantana camara has been grown specifically for use as an ornamental plant since Dutch explorers first brought it to Europe from the New World. [10][11] It first spread out of the Americas when it was brought to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading further into Asia and Oceania where it has established itself as a notorious weed, and in Goa it was introduced by the Portuguese. The stalks are used as raw material for paper pulp. America USDA Zone: 8-11 Accession Data: Accession # 201100247 Source: Accession Date: 10-06-2011 Bench: 1320 - NEOA: West Bench SS Currently: active - healthy Qty: 4 confirmed on 12-05-2020 Classification: Product offered : Leaves, Roots, Flower Uses : It has several uses, mainly as a herbal medicine and in some areas as firewood and mulch.The leaves are used to relieve itching. The native range of Lantana camara is Central and South America; however, it has become naturalised in around 60 tropical and sub-tropical countries worldwide. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Mature Size: Up to 4 feet tall USDA Hardiness Zone: 8-12 Light: Full sun Water: Low water needs Soil: Well-draining, average Flower Color: Yellow, red, orange Special Features: Long blooming period Varieties: Lantana Little Lucky Peach Glow, Lantana Camara Landmark Citrus, Lantana Camara Landmark Peach Sunrise, Lantana Little Lucky Red, Lantana … Synonym(s): Camara vulgaris Benth. Lantana camara lantana This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Botanical Name : Lantana Camara Family Name : Verbenaceae Common Name : Lantana Weed, Wild Sage, Shrub Verbena, Yellow Sage. Lantana camara / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED (19) PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF LANTANA ACULEATA ROOTS / VINOTH KUMAR. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lantana_camara&oldid=996641321, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wide dispersal range made possible by birds and other animals that eat its drupes, Less prone to being eaten by animals due to toxicity, Tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions, Increase in logging and habitat modification, which has been beneficial to, Production of toxic chemicals which inhibit competing plant species, Extremely high seed production (12,000 seeds from each plant per year), This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 20:49. [36], The toxicity of L. camara to humans is undetermined, with several studies suggesting that ingesting berries can be toxic to humans, such as a study by O P Sharma which states "Green unripe fruits of the plant are toxic to humans". [15] The flower has a tutti frutti smell with a peppery undertone. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. Alkaloids from lantana have been found to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and accelerate deep respiration. Lantana flowers are very attractive to butterflies, berries are eaten by birds. Lantana camara L. Accepted Name Common Lantana Plantae ... Lantana camara is a thorny shrub upright, half climbing or sometimes more or less hanging, reaching 2-3 m in height. Common Names for the Lantana camara complex: The common name conundrum.. Because the application of correct species names in the complex has been confused for centuries, no clear one-to-one correspondence exists for taxa and well established common names. Lantana's aromatic flower clusters (called umbels) are a mix of red, orange, yellow, or blue and white florets. Cambridge University Press. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Central and South America. Lantana camara L.. Country of Origin: Mexico to Trop. The lamina (an expanded portion of the leaf) is pear or oval shaped, pointed to broadly-rounded apex, rounded base, round or regular toothed margins with wrinkled and strigose (sharp appressed rigid bristly hairs) upper surface. Insects and other biocontrol agents have been implemented with varying degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara. Their common names are shrub verbenas or lantanas. Lantana camara: Common Name: Lantana: Native Location: Tropical America: Description: A popular summer annual in St. Louis, Lantana grows year-round in the Butterfly House Conservatory. Common name. Both vegetative (asexual) and seed reproduction occur. [16], The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple and have a strong odour when crushed.[17]. spherical clusters of tubular white, red, pink, or yellow flowers, with five lobes in a flat-topped cluster on a long stalk. How Lantana Camara is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. As an ornamental, L. camara is often cultivated indoors, or in a conservatory, but can also thrive in a garden with sufficient shelter. It was the first weed ever subjected to biological control; however, none of the programs have been successful despite 36 control agents being used across 33 regions. [26], The range of L. camara is still increasing, shown by the fact that it has invaded many islands on which it was not present in 1974, including the Galapagos Islands, Saipan and the Solomon Islands. [4], Many butterfly species feed on the nectar of L. camara. [14] Due to extensive selective breeding throughout the 17th and 18th Centuries for use as an ornamental plant, there are now many different L. camara cultivars. [13], Lantana camara is a small perennial shrub which can grow to around 2 m tall and form dense thickets in a variety of environments. [9] The ability of L. camara to rapidly colonise areas of land which have been disturbed has allowed it to proliferate in countries where activities such as logging, clearance for agriculture and forest fires are common. Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-4 m tall, sometimes growing as a disorganized climber but … Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa), West Indian lantana, umbelanterna, putus in Bengal and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Other colors exist as new varieties are being selected. [4][5] Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa),[6] West Indian lantana,[7] umbelanterna, putus in Bengal and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Shrub, Vine Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. It is toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, and goats. In the Pacific Islands the most common variety is the prickly L. camara var. Lantana camara L.. Common Name: Lantana Family: Verbenaceae J. St-Hil. Gledhill, David (2008). The plant is native to the Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean (i.e. [47], The name Lantana derives from the Latin name of the wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana, the flowers of which closely resemble Lantana. They consume the nectar for food and preferentially use these plants as a location for courtship. After pollination occurs the colour of the flowers changes (typically from yellow to orangish, pinkish, or reddish); this is believed to be a signal to pollinators that the pre-change colour contains a reward as well as being sexually viable, thus increasing pollination efficiency. No trade or planting is allowed.​ It comprises a complex of vigorous, prolific, man-made hybrids, bred in Europe from unre… "Odour‐mediated response to plants by evarcha culicivora, a blood‐feeding jumping spider from East Africa." "The Names of Plants". The flowers of L. camara are small and tubular, and arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. Mechanical control of L. camara involves physically removing the plants. [10], L. camara can outcompete native species, leading to a reduction in biodiversity. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Lantana Camara. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly (spiny) with glands on young parts. Habitat : Cultivated in specific areas. Leaves and unripe, green berries can cause minor skin irritation. A recent study in India has shown some results around biological control of this plant using tingid bugs.[41]. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Up to 12,000 fruits can be produced by each plant[18] which are then eaten by birds and other animals which can spread the seeds over large distances, facilitating the spread of L. camara. Vomiting, diarrhea, dilated pupils, labored respiration, weakness, Liver failure - more common in livestock; the leaves may cause dermatitis. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Lantana camara Photo by Neal Kramer. Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. 1 - 2 in. 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