Bjork, D. W. (1983). Hugo Münsterberg was born into a merchant family in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), then a port city in West Prussia. [3] His father Moritz (1825–1880), was a successful lumber merchant and his mother, Minna Anna Bernhardi (1838–1875), a recognized artist and musician, was Moritz's second wife. Wundt believed that free will could be experienced as a conscious element of the mind during introspection, while Münsterberg did not. Thus, Münsterberg grew up in a relatively enriching environment, where a love of art and music was encouraged (and later influenced many of his psychological theories). The Photoplay: A Psychological Study eBook: Münsterberg, Hugo: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store. The entire scheme of education gives to the individual little chance to find himself. Psychology and Industrial Efficiency. Yet I felt sure that he was innocent. Münsterberg, Hugo. Hergenhahn, B. R. (2000). He studied and researched the implications of practical situations through the field of applied psychology. [46], Münsterberg's views on women have been frequently criticized, in the modern period. However, this was a popular subject of research among early psychologists such as Freud, William James, and Hugo Münsterberg. Hugo Münsterberg, German-American psychologist and philosopher who was interested in the applications of psychology to law, business, industry, medicine, teaching, and sociology. He conducted similar experiments that referred to the perception of time, how rapidity is estimated, descriptions of sounds, and other similar experiments with similar results. The curiosity of knowing about our future gave birth to what is known as psychic reading. The four sons remained close, and all of them became successful in their careers. [11] The outspoken views of Münsterberg on the issues of the upcoming First World War raised storms of controversy about his ideals and position. : Wadsworth(349). Hugo Münsterberg (1863–1916), a German‐American psychologist, was an influential pioneer in applied psychology. Skip to main content. In the first place, young people know very little about themselves and their abilities. Münsterberg, Hugo. Hugo Münsterberg was born into a merchant family in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), then a port city in West Prussia. A neo-Renaissance villa in Detmold, Germany, that Oscar lived in from 1886–1896 has recently been renovated and opened as a cultural center. "[25] He discusses some of the ways that police of the time have of making suspects confess to crimes that they had not committed, including making the prisoner's life as uncomfortable as possible, to break down his or her energy, and "worst of all giving brutal shocks given with fiendish cruelty to the terrified imagination of the suspect. They knew too little of the characteristic features of the vocations to which they wanted to devote themselves, and they had given hardly any attention to the question whether they had the necessary qualifications for the special work. [55] Some investigators were originally baffled how Palladino could move curtains from a distance when all the doors and windows in the séance room were closed. When the day comes on which they discover their real strong points and their weaknesses, it is often too late. His friendship with American psychologist and philosopher William James led to his appointment to the faculty at Harvard … Münsterberg's beliefs support his interpretation of James's ideo-motor theory of behavior. Then, he began publishing research papers on various topics comprising of learning, perception, memory and attention processes. Hugo Münsterberg was invited to join because he had already published significant work in experimental psychology and possibly because he did not agree with the structuralism of Wundt. [32] His paper "Psychology and the Market" (1909) suggested that psychology could be used in many different industrial applications including management, vocational decisions, advertising, job performance and employee motivation. Münsterberg talks about ways to study the satisfaction of economic demands, experiments with discovering the effectiveness of advertisements, the psychology of buying and selling, and in the end discusses the future development of economic psychology. [4] Moritz had two sons with his first wife, Otto (1854–1915) and Emil (1855–1915), and two with Anna, Hugo (1863–1916) and Oscar (1865–1920). Münsterberg, Hugo. He received his Ph.D. in physiological psychology in 1885 under Wundt's supervision at the age of 22. Hergenhahn, B. R. (2000). He states that with regularity the testimony between two different individuals in the same circumstances can be radically different, even when neither of whom had the slightest interest in changing the facts as remembered. Hergenhahn, B. R. (2000). Psychology and Industrial Efficiency. William James invited him to Harvard University to serve as a chair of psychology for a term of three years. The outspoken views of Münsterberg on the issues of the upcoming the First World War raised storms of controversy about his ideals and position. His work on clinical psychology consisted of theories regarding psychophysical parallelism. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, p. 349. Psychology and Industrial Efficiency. Despite occasional positive coverage in the press, the heaviest blow Palladino received in America was a report by the German-born Harvard psychologist Hugo Münsterberg, claiming to have exposed the great medium once and for all. [45], Finally investigating how a company can secure the best possible effects in terms of sales. His father Moritz (1825–1880), was a successful lumber merchant and his mother, Minna Anna Bernhardi (1838–1875), a recognized artist and musician, was Moritz's second wife. He remained at Harvard as a professor of experimental psychology and director of the Psychological Laboratory until his sudden death, possibly by stress, in 1916 while he was on a lecture platform. Based on the results of his experiments, he "warned against the blind confidence in the observations of the average normal man" and concluded that one cannot rely on the accuracy of a normal person's memory. Hugo Münsterberg. He describes how two such systems have come to rise in America that attempt to guide young students as they leave school to their chosen vocation, and a newer system marked by a movement toward scientific management in commerce and industry. According to Münsterberg she moved the curtains by releasing a jet of air from a rubber bulb that she had in her hand.[56]. Even if he was later known for his German nationalism, Hugo's family was actually Jewish, a heritage with which he felt no connection and would barely ever manifest publicly. Münsterberg, Hugo, 1863-1916 Psychologist Hugo Münsterberg studied at Leipzig under Wilhelm Wundt and received further training in medicine at Heidelberg and Freiburg. Dalby, J.T. Hugo Münsterberg (1908/1925) ... A striking illustration is well known to those who have ever taken the trouble to approach the depressing literature of modern mysticism. [1] Even if he was later known for his German nationalism, Hugo's family was actually Jewish,[2] a heritage with which he felt no connection and would barely ever manifest publicly. interests. Psychology and Industrial Efficiency. As a result, he had a great influence of many students including Mary Whiton Calkins. He asserted that certain types of mental illnesses occur through cellular- metabolic causation. As well as suggesting that women should not be allowed to serve on juries because they were "incapable of rational deliberation".[47]. Hugo Munsterberg was also the first psychologist to apply the concepts of psychology to the legal field. Hugo Münsterberg was born into a merchant family in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), then a port city in West Prussia. Hugo Münsterberg was born into a merchant family in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland), then a port city in West Prussia. [18] Münsterberg had said "Mysticism and mediums were one thing, psychology was quite another. Just this was the situation when I ventured last year to write a letter to a well-known nerve specialist in Chicago who had privately asked my opinion as a psychologist in the case of a man condemned to death for murder. "[43], The question of selecting the best possible man for a particular vocation for Münsterberg comes down to making the process very scientific, trying to create tests that limit the subjectivity that is possible through more traditional techniques of introspection, and instead using measurements of one's personality, intelligence and other inherent personality traits to try to find the best possible job for every individual. Biography Early life. CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "Biography of Applied Psychologist Hugo Münsterberg", Green, Christopher. [24] Münsterberg states that "brutality is still a favorite method of undermining the mental resistance of the accused. Belmont, Calif [u.a. Hugo Munsterberg was a well-known personality among the scientific community, academic world and general public due to his extensive range of works in the field of applied psychology. The main objective in most of these articles was eyewitness testimony which examined the viability of said witness testimony. He attained the responsibility of supervising the psychology graduate students as well. He also applied psychological principles to the field of clinical psychology attempting to help those who are ill through a variety of different treatments. His father, Mortiz, was a lumber merchant and his mother Anna, an artist. His books dealt with many topics including hiring workers who had personalities and mental abilities best suited to certain types of vocations as the best way to increase motivation, performance, and retention, methods of increasing work efficiency, and marketing and advertising techniques. Hugo Münsterberg was a German psychologist and early pioneer of applied fields including industrial-organizational, forensic and clinical psychology. : Wadsworth, p. 347. Both his mother and his father died before he was 20 years old. 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