In 1888, a grand capitol building, advertised as the "7th largest building in the world," was completed on the site originally chosen in the 1839 plan. While we had seen the Capitol from the outside several times, and it is an impressive structure, we were impressed by what we saw inside. The Old Texas Land Office, on the Capitol grounds, was rebuilt and updated between 1988 and 1990, after which the Capitol Visitors Center was moved there, freeing space in the Capitol. In 1879 the Sixteenth Texas Legislature appropriated three million acres of land to finance a new state Capitol building and appointed a Capitol Board composed of the governor, comptroller, treasurer, attorney general, and land commissioner to sell the land and contract for the building. The new concentration of resources on the town and the opening of new la… Austin is the state capital of Texas and serves as the seat of Travis County. In the late 1870s, Texas officials decided that the original capitol building, built in 1853, was too small and understated for the post-Reconstruction grandeur of Texas. Josiah Hughes Bell, a colonist with Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, surveyed and platted Columbia in 1824 to serve as a center for shipping activities. Education was one of the major issues faced by the Republic of Texas after it gained its independence in 1836. Texas occupies a total area of 268,820 square miles and has a population of 27,862,596 people according to the most recent 2016 census. The Constitutional Convention of 1876 set aside 3,000,000 acres of … Texas is a state in the southern United States, and it is the second-largest state in the country by population and land area. The first Baptist church service in Texas was held under an oak tree in Nacogdoches in 1838. ... Texas is the leading crude oil- and natural gas-producing state in the U.S. Population: 25,145,561 (2010) Size: 268,597 square miles. The group organized Old North Church which is located about four miles north of town. After Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845, it took two statewide elections to keep Austin the capital city. Austin’s namesake is Stephen F. Austin, the “founder of Anglo-American Texas.” The city was established as the capital in 1839, when the Republic of Texas was just three years old. Nickname(s): Lone Star State. There are multiple levels that are accessible by wide stairs, and the balconies have portraits of all former governors of Texas state. Plans for a new capitol were in the works when the old building burned down in 1881. By the 1880s, Austin was becoming a city. Capital: Austin. In 1836 and 1837, the town of Columbia (Now West Columbia) served as the capital of the Republic of Texas. 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